Why not you? — Lessons from International Women’s Day 2019

Why not you? Why not now? I felt inspired, motivated and connected.

Google’s Women Techmakers program hosts summits in celebration of International Women’s Day. These summits are a mix of speakers, workshops, and networking honoring women’s contributions in tech and the world. This year’s event hosted at Google’s Kirkland office on March 2nd had four major themes: Honest. Connected. Heard. Inspired.

Welcome Remarks | Menna El-Sadaany

Menna El-Sadaany is a Technical Program Manager at Google. Menna plays an active role in Google’s diversity efforts, and is a leader for the Women@ Google group in Seattle/Kirkland, focusing on building a strong community of women who support each other. She emphasized that the event was a safe space for everyone attending to discuss, connect and share. She also spoke about the power of community.

Be Honest: Keynote | Dawn Shaikh

Dawn is Director of UX Research at Google. Her keynote was focused on being honest and she shared very personal moments and hard lessons based on her life story. She did her Ph.D. in human factors psychology from Wichita State University. Growing up she faced many hard times including being homeless and moving from town to town. She discussed the challenges of being in a multi-racial family and didn’t fully understand what it meant.

Lesson #1: Acknowledge the behavior you want to see and start small conversations around it

Dawn was offered a position to lead teams and she was very scared. During a discussion at home, her younger daughter said:

Why not you?

Dawn realized why not and she was right!

Lesson #2: Thinking through hard truths and holding yourself accountable is very difficult. Do not do it alone. Ask for help and find allies.

She asked a co-worker to help her start getting a voice in meetings, as she was often the only woman in the room.

Lesson #3: Building inclusive teams requires you to go above and beyond in your personal growth

We have four types of people around us: helpers, organizers, allies, and radicals.

Lesson #4: Set a concrete goal today to use your privilege to empower others in our community and join the movement

Be Inspired: Leadership Lightning Talks

Lauren Celenza

Lauren is a Senior Designer at Google Maps, working with a global team to make maps more accessible and relevant for emerging cities around the world. Her dad works in the construction industry and she learned from his experiences that for a successful product you have to: Listen, Feel and Unite.

She traveled to different countries to experience navigation for motorbike riders. She listened to concerns from the riders, felt the issues first-hand, and united the different teams to build better Google maps navigation options for motorbike riders.

Ana Redmond

Ana Redmond is the Founder and CTO of infinut.com, where she designs and builds touch-screen games to teach math concepts to elementary-school children. During her journey, she had many hurdles from funding to technical challenges and she felt that was the end of her company. She told herself at every failure: This is not the End!

When you can’t plan for anything, just start building.

Rovina Broomfield

Rovina Broomfield is a Senior Product Manager at Amazon, leading a product development team within global marketing and advertising. Her team built and launched Amazon’s Textures & Hues, an online shop for textured hair care. She believes in never losing her hustle. She created a common language to talk between business and technology. She believes in empowering everyone to run their lane.

Be Connected: Community Reflections | Lajuanda M. Asemota

Lajuanda serves as the Interim Executive Director of /dev/color, a nonprofit dedicated to empowering Black software engineers to help one another grow into industry leaders. The main message from her talk was connected community is truly powerful. She quoted:

“Diversity is being asked to the party. Inclusion is being asked to dance.” — Verna Myers

Key lessons: Ask others to dance. Equity>equality. Intersectionality is key.

Be Heard: Workshops

Workshop Track 1 | #IamRemarkable

Muazma, Beenish, and Sundas at #IamRemarkable Workshop

#IamRemarkable is a Google initiative that empowers women to celebrate their accomplishments and be comfortable to speak about them. This workshop was focused on self-promoting our accomplishments.

Read the workshop review by Sundas here.

Workshop Track 2 | Actions on Google

This workshop was focused on building actions on Google.

Other Activities

The attendees went home with Google Home mini. For badges, they could choose one or many stickers to describe themselves (with an option to make their own). There was also a headshots booth.

Badge stickers

Useful Reference Links

  • Women TechMakers
  • #IamRemarkable Website
  • Pakistani Women in Computing
  • International Women’s Day Celebration by WTM

About the Author

Muazma Zahid is a Data Engineer, a first-generation immigrant, and mother of three daughters. Muazma is passionate about Data and AI and cloud computing. She is an advocate of diversity and inclusion at the workplace and enjoys helping and empowering others. She is a member of the Seattle chapter team of Pakistani Women in Computing. She is a foodie and loves challenging herself and those around her.

Will crypto be the cure-all for all your car economic pressing needs?

A whopping $19 million was paid for a Bugatti hypercar. The “La Voiture Noire”, a pretty long name for a car as the amount of numbers needed to write the check to purchase it.

It represents the most expensive car ever built.

The buyer was kept in secrecy by the automaker.

The Bugatti price tag made me think a little about the 7 million car owners in the USA being trapped for at least 90 days behind their car loans. This situation basically pushes their automobiles toward a tiny line from being repossessed.

By playing around with numbers made me notice that 20 million dollars may have covered over 60,000 installments on a $300 monthly invoice each. Still an amount that pales compared to the total seven million dollars in subprime loans mentioned above.

Keeping on the speculating side of this narrative I wonder whether those 20 million could have even paid for 1,508 brand new Nissan Versa or 1,230 zero-miles Ford Fiesta at their current suggested retail price.

The fact is that automaker sales seem to be lagging and anyone can see car dealership lots being full with 2018 models despite the closing of a number of plants in recent years.

Can crypto turn this industry around? I do think so. But in what way?

For starters, car drivers are treated as the pariahs of the entire automotive supply chain. They not only are the one being somehow cheated by the car salesman but also they’re constantly being beaten up throughout the lifetime of the car loan, in a financing deal that will end up upside-down, when driver continues paying quotes for a vehicle with a lower reselling value, favoring the financial house issuing that high-interest loan.

Besides the loan experience, the car driver is exposed to the street elements that include the obvious costs like gas, oil change, tag, and emission testing, wear and tear, car insurance, wheels alignment, car wash, parking, toll roads and a long laundry list of expenses for maintenance that for most might exceed the $8K annually.

I’ve left the traffic violations for last, which as you know might set you back into the hundreds of dollars without including missing time from work, traffic school, points on your driver’s license, counseling and community service in a number of cases.

All in all, being a driver sounds like a calamity. And yes, no wonder how comes Uber and Lyft-alike are so successful, right? Drivers are fed up already.

There should be a human side for the automotive business. A model where the driver would be the priority for the financial house instead of the machine price value.

It might be a time for crypto to come to their rescue.

And I believe so. Let me explain. walletever has created a cryptosystem as the enabler of solutions for most situations related to owning an automobile. The system is crypto-funded and works on an innovative protocol that takes your driving skills as currency, so you may add driving points in order to build a driver’s average which eventually will be auctioned along with the rest of the car drivers participants, for a mining block equivalent called Safe Driving Certificate.

walletever business model is based on personal road mining licensee -for anyone 18 years of age and over with a government-issued non-expired driver’s license; or in other words, getting access through Mo-Fi to a computer vision mining protocol that replaces computer power hashes for video feeds. These feeds are evaluated in real time by a TPS-powered action recognition algorithm which operates like nodes.

In simple words, your safe driving manners would get you in the mining business to earn crypto.

Car drivers not only can feel relief but they also own the entire ecosystem through a fractional ownership model that invites roadminers to enter in a P2P lending platform by making their mined assets available for lending to third-party roadminers and small business at affordable rates.

Roadminers might be granted access to a variety of lending packages that will be paid back in crypto through collection mechanisms place to work by Medular. Mined access can be used as a warranty on a secured loan scheme.

Conveniently, all the elements were created to work synced and within the same platform.

For walletever, this is a social strategy focused on empowering the masses through proper implementation of crypto economics. Although targeting the individual, it’s called Collective Wealth Formation.

In the walletever case, it won’t be an ICO, STO or premined assets. No ERC-20 but a native protocol for mining. The total supply/circulation for its coin is set to be 100% mineable. No surprises in a mining protocol supported by typical civic norms and traffic rules that most of us are familiar with.

If any of the licensed roadminers with granted access to walletever Medular can make enough to pay for a Bugatti like this in the future we’d love to see it happening. What is key, however, is that most might increase their financial capacity to afford their car loans without hesitation based on the crypto payment plans walletever has configured for qualified recipients.

Despite the hype about autonomous vehicles, I believe walletever is hitting on an evolving but mature industry with in excess of 10 billion cars already manufactured throughout the world. Close to 20% of that total are on the roads.

Although a very promising business model, walletever development is still going through planning and technical design. Further development will be financed by its Upfront package plan for Road Mining Licenses.

You might get acquainted with walletever vision and even support the promotional efforts through social media. In the meantime, you can visit us at walletever.com

5 Great International Tour Packages Ideas That You Can Plan This Year

Travel can be one of the great joys of life, and when you travel, you get to experience new things, new places, and new people. There are so many international travel destinations which bring a whole new level of experiences in our life. Many travellers, especially from India, are discovering multiple international travel destinations that are pocket-friendly, and yet offer a great experience. The choice to book international tour packages online at an affordable rate has taken all the stress out of doing planning on your own.

With a series of smart decisions, like flight offers, booking of hotels and savings on hotels, and sightseeing enable you to plan your trip without putting any strain on your budget. The travel aggregators can help to manage your trip whether it is a peak season or an offseason. They also offer customized international vacation packages which include honeymoon packages, family tour etc.

Booking international tour packages through travel aggregators is much cheaper in comparison to planning on its own. The tour companies have broken down the total amount for these packages into six categories to give you a clear understanding- flight offers on airfare, accommodation, food sightseeing, internal commute. These tour operators also work 24*7 to give you an awesome travel experience and apply for visa process on your behalf.

If you also want to be the part of this outflow of Wanderlust-ers without disrupting your budget, you can check out some of the destinations we have shortlisted for you:

Indoesia Tour

Indonesia: Bali is the most visible and inviting face of this country but there are several other places like Raja Ampat Islands, Flores, Yogyakarta and the famous Komodo National Park in Nusa Tenggara Timur. In addition to this, there are more enchanting and pristine beaches, volcanic mountains, marine and wildlife places to see. The only hindrance is the high cost of travel, as you can’t travel to all these remote places individually, and there come international tour packages handy. Therefore, you can approach reputed travel agencies online who can apply for a visa on behalf of you with a nominal fee.

SriLanka Trip

Sri Lanka: With its irresistible combination of beaches, wildlife and affordability, Sri Lanka ace the list when it comes to abroad vacation. While booking a tour package, the travel aggregators give you discounts and deals on flight bookings to Sri Lanka.


Singapore: officially it is known as the Republic of Singapore, is undoubtedly one of the most visited cities amongst tourists. If you want to experience the best of this country, then opt for Singapore Package or an international tour packages for Singapore. The packages offered by them cater all your need owing to a number of attractions and recreational activities. Hence, in order to explore Singapore, these well designed planned packages may come to your assistance

Dubai: is one of the seven emirates that complete UAE and innumerable tourists visit this place for the lively nightlife, luxury shopping, and ultra-modern architecture. It is undoubtedly one of the most sought after tourist destination all around the world. Thus, to help you make the most of your Dubai holidays, choose international tour packages for Dubai as it includes numerous sites to visit, and an endless option to enjoy.

KNOW MORE ABOUT Dubai Holidays ……

If still, you are searching for more places to travel, now’s the time to the look-out. If you want to discover more info, on flight offers and other deals you can check and compare online from various travel aggregators.

Hope our information helped you a lot!

Being responsible for what we don’t know

By Cătălina Albeanu, digital editor at Decât o Revistă (DoR).

There are many things today’s journalists can do: write or record well-documented stories, run social media feeds, produce fantastic multimedia pieces, manage readers’ comments, and increasingly build relationships with their audience that create incredible value for everyone involved.

But the list of things we can’t do — but still have to — is growing longer.

Management, fundraising, marketing, event planning, and a host of other skills are needed in smaller news organizations to keep them alive and give them a chance to thrive. And journalists take on these responsibilities because there’s no one else there.

With no resources to hire externally, tasks either get distributed throughout the existing team, creating “hybrid roles,” or they don’t get done. Most of those in hybrid roles learn as they go along with minimal training, if at all: sometimes from online resources, books, or conversations with people from outside the media industry — and always through trial and error. But for a lot of small media organizations today, there’s no real room for error.

As more media managers reflect on their strengths and weaknesses, a trend spotted at several industry events throughout 2018 — taking stock of the knowledge gaps inside teams — will become more systematic. We’ll be dealing with a heightened sense of self-awareness, related both to the influence our immediate moods have on our colleagues and to our role in the wider media ecosystem. We’ll be putting our predisposition for navel-gazing to good use and hopefully emerge with an action plan.

Finding these weaknesses will be an uncomfortable process, as many newsrooms haven’t built a culture where people feel comfortable sharing doubts about their roles. Traditional newsroom culture dictated that those who couldn’t handle the constant adrenaline and the pace of news production just weren’t cut out for the job. Additionally, non-journalists were rarely involved or consulted until recently, and there was little cross-pollination of best practices between newsrooms and other workplaces. But this is quickly becoming unsustainable, both for the business of news and for the people powering it.

At DoR, we have ambitious plans for 2019, but we know we probably won’t get there in one piece without a more interdisciplinary team or at least some type of “brain trust” to help us along the way. Five of us, including the founding editor, will be doing management training over the next 12 months, and we’re reaching out to experts to help us shape projects in their early stages.

We’ve brought sociologists, community facilitators, and external financial and technology experts into the newsroom to bounce ideas off and, more importantly, get a reality check from outsiders who are a few steps removed from the daily grind and can see the full picture.

In small media organizations, “doing more with less” has always been a reality — but the implications are catching up.

This text was originally published on NiemanLab as part of the Predictions for Journalism 2019.

Good Morning, Simon.

“Good Morning, sir.”

“Good Morning, Simon.”

“Care for some tea?”

“No thank you. Maybe just some water and oats.”

“Splendid idea, sir. I’ll whip them up at once.”



“Here you are, sir. Water and hot oats and the morning news.”

“Thank you, Simon.”

“You’re very welcome.”


“Jesus! Have you seen this article yet?”

“Oh, yes sir. I downloaded it this morning. Terrible… Just terrible.”

“What do you think is happening?”

“It’s hard to be sure, sir.”

“Have you read anything else? What are others saying about it?!”

“The popular consensus is that…”


“The popular consensus is that it’s hard to be happy.”

“Hard to be happy?!”

“That’s just the most popular idea that is circling around, sir.”

“What does that even mean? Hard to be happy…”

“I’m not quite sure. Can I get you anything else, sir?”



“Wha?… Oh no, sorry. I’m fine, Simon. Thank you very much.”




“Can I get that bowl for you, sir?”

“Oh yes… of course, sorry.”

“Perfectly alright, sir.”



“Hey Simon?”

“Yes, sir?”

“Do I appear happy to you?”

“From my perspective, sir, you have everything you need.”

“Right… I thought so as well. It just helps to hear it from you.”

“Of course, sir.”




“Pardon me sir, my morning activities are complete for the day.”

“Oh. That’s great. Thank you, Simon.”

“Permission to boot down for a few hours, sir?”

“Yes. Of course, Simon.”

“Thank you, sir.”





1st STK Tokensale contest is LIVE!

The 1st STK tokensale event is starting!

From today you can participate in the STK private sale, earn extra tokens and have a chance of winning the contest jackpot.

For every purchase, you will receive 5% extra STK tokens at the end of the contest.

At the same time for every 100 STK sold, 5 STK will be placed in the jackpot pool and distributed to the top 20 investors with the following criteria:

1st investor: 50% jackpot amount

2nd and 3rd: 15% jackpot amount each

4th-10th: 2% jackpot amount each

11th-20th: 0.6% jackpot amount each

Example: if soft cap is reached with 600.000$ raised (meaning 5M STK sold), then jackpot will be 250.000 STK and the above investors will win respectively: 125.000 STK, 37.500 STK, 5.000 STK, 1500 STK.

If you made multiple transactions, the amount will be summed up. The contest will end at 5th April 2019 at 23.59 GMT.

Note: we also just announced the “Private Sale Refund Agreement” for being refunded if price will be lower than 0.12$ after one year from listing. See this blog post for more details: https://www.fidelitysuite.com/announcing-the-stk-refund-agreement/

Note: you may also take advantage of our Referral system and earn extra 5% STK for inviting friends.

Join our social channels and keep in touch with us







Kind Regards,

The Suite Team.

Top Selling Taxi Dispatch and Fleet Management Softwares in the Global Ride Hailing Market

Want to start a taxi business and you need a taxi dispatch software for it? A lot of companies are offering dispatch solutions but only a handful of them are good at it.Uber, Ola, Lyft, and Didi are market giants in the on-demand taxi industry that no one can deny.

People moved from using traditional taxi to on-demand taxi because of the safety, convenience, and speed these companies offered. Also, these firms leverage the reach of smartphones and internet penetration globally.

But slowly these on-demand firms are losing their shine. Most of these on-demand companies work on funds infused from venture capitals and angel investors. How long do you think these companies can work this way? Their business model is not sustainable and cannot be.

Now, only thing is that the traditional taxis with cutting edge taxi dispatch system can fill the gap of the existing on-demand firms. Taxi dispatch solution which is equipped with the latest technology and can update itself new features alone is relevant in the present situation. The global Taxi Dispatch Software market is expected to reach $570 million by the end of 2023, growing at a CAGR of 19.0% between 2017 and 2023.

Below I have mentioned top 7 dispatch solution providers among many other vendors from which you can select the suitable dispatch solution provider. We have done extensive research on various leading taxi dispatch providers in terms of features, user experience, cost, reliability, solution provider support etc. and zeroed in seven providers.

SpotnRides(A product of Uplogic Technologies Pvt Ltd)

SpotnRides is a one-stop dispatch solution provider. We combine the power of technology with the existing dispatch solution and bring to your taxi/fleet business as a comprehensive dispatch management solution. Not to mention that we are the only solution providers with intelligent booking. Our solution package consists of attributes that are user-friendly, service management, automated dispatch and tracking system and scalable facilities to switch the business strategy according to the market needs.


Get Me Taxi is one of the top dispatch solution providers. They give end to end solution and it is completely automated. It is available in both Android and iOS. Since we are a development firm, we leave no stones unturned to give a top-notch solution with no flaws.

Taxi mobility

Taxi mobility online taxi booking software is exceptional in both its design and efficacy. It is one of its kind white-label taxi dispatch system to manage orders, monitor dispatches, assign resources, view transaction logs and analyze ride reports. Taxi mobility’s solution is a complete package. This Taxi Dispatch Software enables a controller to pick auto or manual dispatch at the time of booking.


CroplaTaxi provides complete driver and passenger friendly applications along with taxi solution to manage drivers, track taxi's position using GPS and manage customers at a common platform, where admin/super admin can have complete control over the business. They are the only firm to provide three-month support for free post sales.


Infinite Cab especially designed their product to meet the requirements of taxicab trade to their local area. Their framework gives you all the data required for you and your drivers such as the ability to book a ride in seconds, dispatch to the nearest driver, create and run reports that place you in complete control of your business.


Taxicaller claim that they have a fully automated taxi dispatch software, set it up once and the solution will take care of the rest. The fare estimator is quite cool which gives an accurate estimation. The admin panel is pretty extensive which offers something for every category of business. The app has real-time tracking and scheduled booking for a ride in the future. It has the provision for multiple payments.

Jungle works

Jungle works have a smart dispatch system. They are one of its kind taxi dispatch provider to help clients with any customization. Their solution is loaded with business-ready features with powerful admin panel which has unique features. This solution is completely future ready and also very economical and of high quality. Apart from the real-time tracking it also offers the wallet feature to its customers.

Each of the above companies has a unique set of features in their dispatch solution and the entrepreneurs/businesspeople who want to venture into taxi industry using dispatch solution can select from one of the above solution providers based on theirlocation, business model, features required, cost structure, customers feedback,reputation in the market, support and maintenance etc.

Without these software tools, my business development would be a mess

Whether you’re at a SaaS startup or a management consulting firm, doing business development and sales is tough. To succeed, you have to master a plethora of skills, from time management to analytics. But the recent study suggests that sales reps spend only 36.6% of their workday actually selling, so it all starts from organizing your work effectively.

I’m a big fan of the all-in-a-single-platform principle, and therefore using advanced sales automation software like Hubspot was always the ideal solution. However, such systems are more oriented at large and medium-sized teams and might seem excessive for startups and small businesses. Moreover, the sales development tasks are getting more complex and diversified (especially for multifunctional startup teams) and it’s no longer possible to gather all the required functionality in one place. Below is the list of software tools I personally use to streamline my business development workflow.

Lead generation 🕵

Leads are the fuel for your selling process. That’s great if you have inbound marketing or advertising that generate leads for the sales activity but you frequently have to discover them on your own.

I am not a big fan of LinkedIn Sales Navigator but it is still the most powerful tool when comes to searching for target companies and finding the right people to reach out to. It offers sleek integrations with popular CRM, plenty of filters to find your ideal profiles and possibility to track your prospects’ updates. It also provides you with personalized lead recommendations but they are messy at times. Moreover, its price is not easily approved, especially if you’re a small startup. That’s how I found myself using Apollo.

Apollo is a great tool for sales enablement that offers both a professional suite with an extended (sometimes excessively) functionality and a free “explorer” access. If you’re a small business that is only looking for target accounts, even a free version may suffice.





Visitors tracker 🔭

For most websites, only 2% of web traffic converts into the desired action, while 98% of your audience will leave unnoticed. It’s great to have remarketing pixels inserted into your HTML-code so that you can track your visitors and lure them back to your website. But what if you miss a really big fish or a red hot opportunity that should be acted on immediately? That’s where a visitors tracking tool like Leadfeeder comes into play. It uses your Google Analytics data to show you the real companies (not IDs) stopping by your web page. I really love it because it allows me to see if my website attracts a quality audience and to detect promising leads that can be approached straight away with a personalized message.




Email finder 🔎

You’ve got the company name and the person, now you want to reach out to her with a personalized mail. I don’t condone spam and certainly don’t recommend you Where would you find the email address? There are multiple ways you can do it, including guessing and using Google’s exact match, wandering through databases, digging with web-scrapers and email finder software. I personally love Snovio for its simplified yet powerful and easy-to-use browser extension. It allows collecting emails from any page, even Facebook or SERP, or a list of your target companies. It takes me seconds to find an email to send a warm intro or personalized offer, what else would you need?





Email templates and tracking 📩

Experienced sales reps have a large stockpile of email templates for every occasion, and they know that copying and pasting them is stressful. Docsify takes this process at a qualitatively new level allowing me to instantly retrieve the desired template without leaving my Gmail. Additionally, I can schedule my messages, set reminders, track email and attachment openings and analyze their performance. The features themselves are quite basic but indispensable and I really like how they are coordinated in Docsify.


Besides heavyweight sales automation platforms that provide such functionality, I would single out Yesware and Mailbutler. There’s no significant difference neither in performance nor in price, so it’s more a matter of habit and preference than anything else.

So that it doesn’t become a 15-minute post I’ll briefly go through the list of other software tools I can’t walk without in my sales and business development routine.

Spell checking ✏✅

Grammarly refines my writing and prevents unnecessary typos and misspelled words. An absolute must-have for a business developer.

Inbox management 📬

Sortd is helping my inbox stay organized, even on Mondays and during peak periods. It only works for Gmail, unfortunately, but there are options available for Outlook.

Appointments scheduling 📆🤝

There is a wide offering of schedule assistants out there but Appoint.ly does its job perfectly for me.

Video conferencing 🎥💬

There are a handful of solutions better than Skype. I prefer Zoom.

Presentation and graphics making 🌉

Still using PowerPoint for building pitch decks? Try Beautiful.ai which is an amazing (and currently free!) tool for creating elegant interactive slides. I also use Canva to instantly design cool graphics for social media posts and Soapbox to create product demo video. Piktochart assists me in creating fresh-looking infographics, charts, and reports, while Screely helps make screenshots less dull. And yes, their free plans will be more than enough for your business development activities.

Social media posts management 📌

If you’re actively posting in social media to grow your network and attract prospect, you simply won’t do without Buffer.

I adore automation and without these tools, I would probably have to work 16 hours a day. You probably know and even actively use many them but if not — that’s something you should start your next Monday with.😉

What Corporate Structure Means for Your Business

There are a couple of caveats. First, the organizational documents for any particular entity can modify these general rules. For example, technology startups often organize as LLCs but use a corporate management style.

Governing jurisdiction

The place of incorporation is the source of law for forming your type of entity. A corporation in California uses California law, an LLC in New York uses New York law, and so on. While there are many commonalities, each jurisdiction may impose limits on both internal and external corporate structure.

The Internal Revenue Service also creates restrictions on corporate structure. For example, under federal tax law, S Corporations cannot have more than 100 shareholders to qualify for pass-through tax status.

Type of ownership

The form of ownership traces a spectrum from the simple to the complex.

Partnerships usually convey “partnership interests” to each partner.

Limited Partnerships, including limited liability partnerships, might refer to “limited partnership interests” or “limited partnership units”.

Limited liability companies call ownership units “membership interests.” Some jurisdictions allow an almost corporate approach to units of ownership for LLCs.

Corporations can simply have “shareholders” or “stockholders”. Whether there are 2 or 2,000, the structure is simple.

Corporations can also have complex ownership structures where equity includes, classes of stock, options, warrants, and convertible debt holders.

Strategy and business objectives

Most importantly, the objectives of the business are critical to designing a corporate structure. A US corporation which wants to enter the Argentinian market will need to form an Argentinian legal entity. It will have to make choices about management and ownership under local law. Those choices will also influence the results of the business back in the US.

An LLC creates a subsidiary that it plans to take public. Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) are typically accomplished by selling stock in corporations. The parent LLC forms the new entity as a C corporation.


Corporate structuring can enhance the value of any business. It is important to consider the legal form, the governing jurisdictions, type of ownership, and business objectives. The best way to handle this complexity is with entity management software.

What’s new in Swift 5.0

Learn about the key features available in Swift 5.0, The primary goal of Swift 5.0 is for the language to achieve ABI stability. This will enable a stable Swift runtime to be deployed by OS vendors that can be linked against by executables and libraries.

New Improvements in Swift 5:

  1. Enhancing String Literals Delimiters to Support Raw Text (SE-0200)
  2. Add Result to the Standard Library (SE-0235)
  3. Fix ExpressibleByStringInterpolation(SE-0228)
  4. Introduce user-defined dynamically “callable” types (SE-0216)
  5. Handling Future Enum Cases (SE-0192)
  6. Flatten nested optionals resulting from ‘try?’ (SE-0230)
  7. Adding isMultiple to BinaryInteger (SE-0225)

Special Note:

  1. Swift apps no longer include dynamically linked libraries for the Swift standard library and Swift SDK overlays in build variants for devices running iOS 12.2, watchOS 5.2, and tvOS 12.2. As a result, Swift apps can be smaller when deployed for testing using TestFlight, or when thinning an app archive for local development distribution.
  2. To reduce the size taken up by Swift metadata, convenience initializers defined in Swift now only allocate an object ahead of time if they’re calling a designated initializer defined in Objective-C.

Read these notes on improvements to get in-depth knowledge to enhance your knowledge on whats upcoming in swift.

Enhancing String Literals Delimiters to Support Raw Text (SE-0200)

Expanding Delimiters

Our design adds customizable string delimiters. You may pad a string literal with one or more # (pound, Number Sign, U+0023) characters:

"This is a Swift string literal"
#"This is also a Swift string literal"#

Customized Escape Delimiters

Strings using custom boundary delimiters mirror their pound sign(s) after the leading backslash, as in these examples which produce identical results to the preceding string literal:

#"This string has an \#(interpolated) item"#
####"This string has an \####(interpolated) item"####

Add Result to the Standard Library

Result<Success, Failure> is a pragmatic compromise between competing error handling concerns both present and future.


Asynchronous APIs

This can make it quite difficult to elegantly consume the results of these APIs:

URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url) { (data, response, error) in
guard error != nil else { self.handleError(error!) }

guard let data = data, let response = response else { return // Impossible? }

handleResponse(response, data: data)

While this code is only a few lines long, it exposes Swift’s complete lack of automatic error handling for asynchronous APIs. Not only was the error forcibly unwrapped (or perhaps handled using a slightly less elegant if statement), but a possibly impossible scenario was created. What happens if response or data are nil? Is it even possible? It shouldn't be, but Swift currently lacks the ability to express this impossibility. Using Result for the same scenario allows for much more elegant code:

URLSession.shared.dataTask(with: url) { (result: Result<(response: URLResponse, data: Data), Error>) in // Type added for illustration purposes.
switch result {
case let .success(success):
handleResponse(success.response, data: success.data)
case let .error(error):

This API expresses exactly the intended result (either an error or data and response, never all or none) and allows them to be handled much more clearly.

Separating Errors

It’s occasionally useful to be able to run throwable functions in such way as to allow the developer to disambiguate between the sources of the errors, especially if the errors don't contain the information necessary to do so, or the developer doesn't want to implement such a check. For instance, if we needed to disambiguate between the errors possible when reading files:

do {
handleOne(try String(contentsOfFile: oneFile))
} catch {

This case can be expressed much more clearly using Result:

let one = Result { try String(contentsOfFile: oneFile) }

Additional convenience API on Result could make many of these cases even more elegant.

Fix ExpressibleByStringInterpolation

An interpolated string literal contains one or more embedded expressions, delimited by \( and ). At runtime, these expressions are evaluated and concatenated with the string literal to produce a value. They are typically more readable than code that switches between string literals, concatenation operators, and arbitrary expressions.

An interpolated string will be converted into code that:

  1. Initializes an instance of an associated StringInterpolation type, passing the total literal segment size and interpolation count as parameters.
  2. Calls its appendLiteral(_:) method to append literal values, and appendInterpolation to append its interpolated values, one at a time. Interpolations are treated as call parentheses—that is, \(x, with: y) becomes a call to appendInterpolation(x, with: y).
  3. Passes the instance to init(stringInterpolation:) to produce a final value.

Below is code roughly similar to what the compiler would generate:

// Semantic expression for: "hello \(name)!"
String(stringInterpolation: {
var temp = String.StringInterpolation(literalCapacity: 7, interpolationCount: 1)
temp.appendLiteral("hello ")
return temp

Introduce user-defined dynamically “callable” types

This is a follow-up to SE-0195 — Introduce User-defined “Dynamic Member Lookup” Types, which shipped in Swift 4.2. It introduces a new @dynamicCallable attribute, which marks a type as being "callable" with normal syntax. It is simple syntactic sugar which allows the user to write:

a = someValue(keyword1: 42, "foo", keyword2: 19)

and have it be rewritten by the compiler as:

a = someValue.dynamicallyCall(withKeywordArguments: [
"keyword1": 42, "": "foo", "keyword2": 19

Handling Future Enum Cases

When switching over a non-frozen enum, the switch statement that matches against it must include a catch-all case (usually default or an "ignore" _ pattern).

switch excuse {
case .eatenByPet:
// …
case .thoughtItWasDueNextWeek:
// …

Failure to do so will produce a warning in Swift 5. A program will trap at run time if an unknown enum case is actually encountered.

Here’s a more complicated example:

switch excuse {
case .eatenByPet:
// Specific known case
@unknown case _:
// Any cases not recognized by the compiler
case _:
// Any other cases the compiler *does* know about,
// such as .thoughtItWasDueNextWeek

Flatten nested optionals resulting from ‘try?’

In Swift 5, try? someExpr() will mirror the behavior of foo?.someExpr():

  • If someExpr() produces a non-optional value, it will be wrapped in an Optional.
  • If someExpr() produces an Optional, then no additional optional-ness is added.

This results in the following changes to the type of a try? expression:

// Swift 4: 'Int??'
// Swift 5: 'Int?'
let result = try? database?.countOfRows(matching: predicate)

// Swift 4: 'String??'
// Swift 5: 'String?'
let myString = try? String(data: someData, encoding: .utf8)

// Swift 4: '[String: Any]??'
// Swift 5: '[String: Any]?'
let dict = try? JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data) as? [String: Any]

There are no changes to the overall type when the sub-expression produces a non-optional.

Adding isMultiple to BinaryInteger

Swift 5 adds func isMultiple(of other: Self) -> Bool to the BinaryInteger protocol.

// KeyPath.swift in apple/swift
_sanityCheck(bytes > 0 && bytes.isMultiple(of: 4), "capacity must be multiple of 4 bytes")

Swift 5.0 is the latest release of Swift, but previous swift releases have been packed with great features too.

Hope this article is useful for people looking to find out whats new in upcoming version of swift, Please ❤️ to recommend this post to others 😊. Let me know your feedback. 🙂


  1. https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/blob/master/proposals/0200-raw-string-escaping.md
  2. https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/blob/master/proposals/0235-add-result.md
  3. https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/blob/master/proposals/0228-fix-expressiblebystringinterpolation.md
  4. https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/blob/master/proposals/0216-dynamic-callable.md
  5. https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/blob/master/proposals/0192-non-exhaustive-enums.md
  6. https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/blob/master/proposals/0230-flatten-optional-try.md
  7. https://github.com/apple/swift-evolution/blob/master/proposals/0225-binaryinteger-iseven-isodd-ismultiple.md